Ser vs Estar  

Spanish Grammar Present Indicative Ser vs Estar
Overview

Why do students run and hide when it comes time to differentiate ser vs estar? We don't know! The verb ser (conjugation) means "to be". It is completely irregular in the present tense.

yo soy I am
eres you are
Ud./él/ella es you/he/she is
nosotros/as somos we are
vosotros/as sois you guys are
Uds./ellos/ellas son you all/they are

Ser is used to signify equivalence or identity between two elements:

Mi esposa es doctora. - My wife is a doctor.

Ser is used to indicate an inherent characteristic or quality:

El niño es guapo. - The boy is handsome.

Ser is used to indicate origin:
Yo soy de Colombia. - I'm from Colombia.

Ser is used to express ownership or possession:
Ese carro, el cual está muy sucio, es de Enrique.
That car, that is very dirty, is Enrique's.

Ser is used to express the time of day:
Son las doce. - It's twelve o'clock.

Ser is used to talk about dates
Es el primero de enero. - It is the first of January.

The verb estar (conjugation) means "to be". It is irregular in the present tense.

yo estoy (I am)
estás (you are)
Ud./él/ella> está (you/he/she is)
nosotros (as) estamos (we are)
vosotros (as) estáis (you guys are)
Uds./ellos/ellas están (you all/they are)

Estar is used to signify the location of an object:
El perro está al lado del gato.
The dog is next to the cat.

Estar + past participle is used to indicate a resultant condition:
Estoy cansado.
I am tired.

Estar is used to express a changeable state or condition:
María está enferma.
María is sick.


Continue
Grammar
Vocabulary
Dialogues
Quizzes
Related Topics
  
  Vocabulary Flashcards
  Vocabulary Quiz
  Photo Quiz
  Spelling Quiz
  Sentence Flashcards
  Video
  Example Sentences
  Dialogue
  Image-Sentence Match
  Word Order Quiz
  Multiple Choice Quiz
  A or B Quiz
  Fill In

Icon Legend

Icons are color coded by Spanish level:

Green = Beginner
Blue = Intermediate
Orange = Advanced


Black icons are unrelated to Spanish level:

Help
Download
Information




http://www.NuLengua.com



Popular Phrase: charades words spanish | Medical Spanish | Conjugated Verb: caracter - character [ click for full conjugation ]