Verbs Ser & Estar - Intermediate  

Verb Ser Verbs Ser & Estar - Intermediate

Ser is used to signify equivalence or identity between two elements:

Mi esposa es doctora. - My wife is a doctor.

Ser is used to indicate an inherent characteristic or quality:

El niño es guapo. - The boy is handsome.

Ser is used to indicate origin:
Yo soy de Colombia. - I'm from Colombia.

Ser is used to express ownership or possession:
Ese carro, el cual está muy sucio, es de Enrique. - That car, that is very dirty, is Enrique's.

Ser is used to express the time of day:
Son las doce. - It's twelve o'clock.

Ser is used to talk about dates
Es el primero de enero. - It is the first of January.

Estar is used to signify the location of an object:
El perro está al lado del gato. - The dog is next to the cat.

Estar is used to express an action in progress (progressive tense):
Estoy escribiendo. - I am writing.

Estar + past participle is used to indicate a resultant condition:
Estoy cansado. - I am tired.

Estar is used to express a changeable state or condition:
María está enferma. - María is sick.

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