Spanish Possessive Adjectives   By Ron Slone

Grammar Spanish Adjectives Possessive Adjectives
Overview

In English, the possessive adjectives are: my, your, his, her, our, and their. They indicate ownership. The Spanish possessive adjectives are listed in the table below.

Singular Plural
mi mis my
tu tus your (inf)
su sus his/her, your (form)
nuestro nuestros our (m)
nuestra nuestras our (f)
vuestro vuestros your (m) (inf)
vuestra vuestras your (f) (inf)
su sus their, your (form)

m - masculine
f - feminine
inf - informal, familiar
form - formal

A Possessive Adjective always accompanies a noun.

    mi blusita; mi faldita. - my little blouse; my little skirt
    nuestras flores - our flowers
    su pelota - his ball
    tu perro - your dog
    mis zapatos - my shoes
    nuestro carro - our car
    tus gatos - your cats
    sus libros - their books

The Spanish possessive adjective must agree with the number of items a person has.

    mi libro - my book
    mis libros - my books

The nosotros and vosotros forms change in gender as well;.

    nuestro libro - our book
    nuestra mesa - our desk

    vuestros refrescos - your soft drinks
    vuestras familias - your families

There are also the stressed possessive adjectives which go after the noun.
Examples:

los lapiceros míos - my pens
los boletos tuyos - your tickets
las almohadas nuestras - our pillows

Discussing Articles of Clothing and Parts of the Body

Instead of using the possessive adjective (“my”, “your”, etc.) with articles of clothing or parts of the body, Spanish typically uses the definite article and then makes the person involved the indirect object:

¿Te lavaste bien las manos?
Did you wash your hands well?

Me duelen los pies; voy a quitarme los zapatos.
My feet hurt; I'm going to take off my shoes.


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