A demonstrative adjective always accompanies a noun. In the phrase, "Este carro (this car)", the demonstrative adjective, "este", explains which car you are talking about (this car).
this, these (m)
this, these (f)
that, those (m)
that, those (f)
that over there, those over there (m)
that over there, those over there (f)
m - masculine
f - feminine
Let's look at some example sentences.
Este libro es bueno.
This book is good.
Estos platos son grandes.
These plates are big.
Quiero enviar esta postal.
I want to send this postcard.
Quiero estas revistas.
I want these magazines.
Quiero aquel coche.
I want that car. (over there)
Quiero aquellos periódicos.
I want those newspapers. (over there)
Quiero aquella silla.
I want that chair. (over there)
Quiero aquellas faldas.
I want those skirts. (over there)
A demonstrative adjective always accompanies a noun. In the phrase: Este carro, the demonstrative adjective "este" explains which car you are talking about (this car).
Close to the speaker
Away from the speaker
Far from the speaker
aquel (that over there)
aquellos (those over there)
aquella (that over there)
aquellas (those over there)
Demonstrative adjectives don't use an accent. This rule is applied only on pronouns. Let's look at some examples:
Me gusta este perro. - I like this dog.
Prefiero estas computadoras. - I prefer these computers.
Voy a comprar ese coche. - I'm going to buy that car.
Me gustan aquellas casas. - I like those houses.
Me gustan aquellos gatos. - I like those male cats over there.
Notice that demonstrative adjectives are also determined by number and gender.
Prefiero este suéter - I prefer this sweater.(masculine, singular)
Prefiero estos suéteres - I prefer these sweaters.(masculine, plural)
Prefiero esta blusa - I prefer this blouse.(feminine, singular)
Prefiero estas blusas - I prefer these blouses.(feminine, plural)
Note:If the Demonstrative does not have a noun next to it, then it becomes a pronoun. This is explained in the Demonstrative Pronouns lesson.