A demonstrative adjective always accompanies a noun. In the phrase: Este carro, the demonstrative adjective "este" explains which car you are talking about (this car).
Close to the speaker
|Masculine||este (this)||estos (these)|
|Feminine||esta (this)||estas (these)|
Away from the speaker
|Feminine||esa (that)||esas (those)|
Far from the speaker
|Masculine||aquel (that over there)||aquellos (those over there)|
|Feminine||aquella (that over there)||aquellas (those over there)|
Demonstrative adjectives don't use an accent. This rule is applied only on pronouns. Let's look at some examples:
Me gusta este perro. - I like this dog. Prefiero estas computadoras. - I prefer these computers. Voy a comprar ese coche. - I'm going to buy that car. Me gustan aquellas casas. - I like those houses. Me gustan aquellos gatos. - I like those male cats over there.
Notice that demonstrative adjectives are also determined by number and gender.
Prefiero este suéter - I prefer this sweater.(masculine, singular) Prefiero estos suéteres - I prefer these sweaters.(masculine, plural) Prefiero esta blusa - I prefer this blouse.(feminine, singular) Prefiero estas blusas - I prefer these blouses.(feminine, plural)
Note:If the Demonstrative does not have a noun next to it, then it becomes a pronoun. This is explained in the Demonstrative Pronouns lesson.