Pronunciation of Spanish Vowels
Spanish vowels, unlike their English equivalents, generally produce a single sound.
U - is generally pronounced as the “oo” in “broom” or the “u” in “flute” and never like the “u” in universe (pluma). However, the Spanish “u” becomes a silent vowel when following “q” (que) or when it is used in the “gui” or “gue” combination. (guitarra).
Y - is considered a vowel when it stands alone as the conjunction “y” or when it is used at the end of a word such as “rey”. Like the Spanish “i”, it makes the “ee” sound that you find in “beep”. When used at the end of a word, it often occurs as part of a dipthong as described in the following section, and produces a blended pronunciation.