Subjunctive vs. indicative – present (noun, adjective and adverbial clauses)
This course presents Spanish grammar and vocabulary. If this is too basic then please try Intermediate Spanish or Advanced Spanish If your goal is to Speak Spanish Today then you should go to Conversational Spanish.
Prepositions - Por vs. Para
The Spanish prepositions por and para tend to be difficult for students, because they can, but don't always, mean "for". Comparación entre Por y Para
Irregular Spanish Verbs
Irregular verbs tend to be difficult for students, because they do not follow the rules. Verbos Irregulares
The Spanish Verb Tener
The Spanish verb tener is used to indicate possession and for a multitude of other uses, such as expressing hunger, thirst, fear, luck, and much, much more! Verbo Tener y Usos - Le VERBE AVOIR
Spanish Reflexive Verbs
Reflexive pronouns and verbs are used much more in Spanish than in English. This section will teach you how they work.
Idiomatic Expressions Using Vez
In Spanish, there are a number of idiomatic expressions that employ "vez". Don't leave home without knowing these!
Spanish Negative Words
Also referred to as Negation. These are negative words, expressions and constructions used in Spanish.
Learning interrogative pronouns is easy. The difficulty lies in determining when to use which one.
The Verb Gustar
The verb gustar is used to express likes and dislikes. It is formed in a unique manner.
The Preterite (Simple Past) is a past action tense. We use the Preterite to answer the question "What happened?".
Imperfect - Regular Verbs
Do you ever have problem figuring out wether to use preterite or imperfect? This section will help you to know which to use?
Imperfect - Irregular Verbs
Yep, Spanish imperfect also has irregular verbs!
We use the future simple to talk about future actions.
Expressing Future Plans with the Verb "ir"
It is often useful to discuss the future by using the present form of ir, (to go) the preposition a, and the infinitive form of the desired verb. Usually, this translates in English as "going to."
Spanish adverbs provide additional information about manner, quantity, frequency, time, or place. Adverbs explain when, how, where, how often, or to what degree something is done.
Spanish Relative Pronouns
The words that, which, and who are not just used in questions. When they are used in statements they are called relative pronouns.
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
The correct use of the comparative and superlative forms is key when learning how to express your opinion or make comparative judgments.
Spanish Gerunds and the Progressive Tenses
The gerund (gerundio) is a special, invariable form of the verb which always ends in (ndo). It is mistaeknly referred to as the “present participle”.
The progressive tenses express an action viewed as being in progress. Do not use the progressive for other purposes, such as for expressing a future action.
Do not overuse the progressive tenses, since they are used far less frequently in Spanish than in English. Do not use them unless you are portraying an action as truly being in progress.
Spanish Past Participle
Spanish past participles typically end in -ado or -ido. The word "worked" is a past-tense verb in the sentence "I worked" but a past participle in "I have worked."
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
The present perfect may be used to indicate an action or state as having occurred, and having been completed, prior to the present time.
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
The past perfect tense express an action, state or event that was already completed before the start of another past action, state or event.
Spanish Passive Voice
The passive voice in Spanish is most frequently used in the preterit, although it can occur in any tense, both in the indicative and in the subjunctive.
Spanish Future Perfect Tense
This tense views an action or state as having occurred, and been completed, at some time in the future. It is used in Spanish in the same way it is used in English.
Spanish Direct Object
A direct object is the noun or pronoun that the verb acts directly on.
Spanish Indirect Object
An indirect object is the person affected by the action but not acted directly upon.
Direct Object Pronouns
Direct object pronouns receive the action of the verb.
Indirect Object Pronouns
Indirect object pronouns present a way in Spanish to answer the question: to or for whom or what?
Double Object Pronouns
A Spanish sentence can have both a direct and an indirect object pronoun. These "double object pronouns" cannot be separated, and the indirect pronoun always precedes the direct pronoun.
A conjunction is a word that creates a relation among words, phrases, clauses or sentences. Conjunctions have no meaning by themselves.
Spanish Present Subjunctive
The Present Subjunctive refers to things which may, or may not, happen.
Irregular Verbs - pensar
The Spanish verb pensar is irregular in the Present Subjunctive
Irregular Verbs - entender
The Spanish verb entender is irregular in the Present Subjunctive
Irregular Verbs - sentir
The Spanish verb sentir is irregular in the Present Subjunctive
Irregular Verbs - acordar
The Spanish verb acordar is irregular in the Present Subjunctive
Irregular Verbs - mover
The Spanish verb mover is irregular in the Present Subjunctive
Irregular Verbs - dormir
The Spanish verb dormir is irregular in the Present Subjunctive
Irregular Verbs - pedir
The Spanish verb pedir is irregular in the Present Subjunctive
The imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express the same subjective attitudes as the present subjunctive, but in the past.
Spanish Conditional Tense
The Conditional tense works hand in hand with the imperfect subjunctive to create situations that can be characterized by “if this, then that.”
Spanish Conditional Perfect
Conditional Perfect is formed with the verb "Haber" in various tenses + the Past Participle.
Present Perfect of the Subjunctive Mood
The present perfect subjunctive, also known as the past or perfect subjunctive, is used when a verb or expression requiring the subjunctive in the main clause is in the present, future, or present perfect.
Pluperfect of the Subjunctive Mood
The past perfect tense express an action, state or event that was already completed before the start of another past action.
Spanish Imperative Mood
The imperative mood is used to give orders or commands. Imperative mood only has one tense, the present tense.
Spanish Language Exercises
Links to all of the exercises listed above.