Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns  

Spanish Grammar Spanish Pronouns Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns

The indirect object indicates the person or thing receiving the action of the verb. They can be replaced by the indirect object pronouns below. [ view full lesson ]

me to/for me
te to/for you (familiar)
le to/for you, to him, to her (formal)
nos to/for us
os tofor you guys
les to/for you all, to them

The indirect object pronoun answers the question “to whom?” or “for whom?”.

Mi novia me compró un reloj.
My girlfriend bought me a watch.

indirect object pronoun - me

Unlike English, Spanish also requires the indirect object pronoun when the indirect object is still present in the sentence.

Yo le di el dinero a Juan ayer.
I gave the money to Juan yesterday.

indirect object - Juan
indirect object pronoun - le (to him)

The Spanish direct object pronouns are used to substitute for direct objects. [ view full lesson ]

me me
te you
lo him, you, it
la her, you, it
nos us
os you all (familiar)
los them, you all
las them, you all

Nosotros lavamos el carro. Nosotros lo lavamos.
We wash the car. We wash it.

(direct object - el carro)
(direct object pronoun - lo)

Ellos trajeron las mochilas. Ellos las trajeron.
They brought the backpacks. They brought them.

(direct object - el carro)
(direct object pronoun - lo)

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