Gerund - Present Participle  

Grammar The Progressive Tenses Gerund - Present Participle

The gerund, or present participle, is a special form of a Spanish verb which always ends in -ndo. In English it is translated as the “-ing” form of the verb (for example, “speaking”), which has lead to the frequent mistake of calling this form the “present participle”. The gerund is a verb form which has an adverbial function, not an adjectival function like a participle, nor a noun function like an infinitive.

The present participle (gerund) is formed from the infinitive of a verb by removing the (ar), (er), or (ir) ending and adding (ando) for (ar) verbs, and (iendo) for (er) and (ir) verbs. Please see the examples below.

hablar ---> hablando (speaking)

caminar ---> caminando (walking)

volver ---> volviendo (returning)

comer ---> comiendo (eating)

abrir ---> abriendo (opening)

vivir ---> viviendo (living)

As in English, the present participle can be used in a variety of Spanish sentences.

Yo estoy hablando con mamá.
I am talking to mom.

Ella estaba caminando bajo la lluvia.
She was walking in the rain.

Al parecer, Bryan Danielson estaría volviendo pronto a WWE.
Apparently, Bryan Danielson would soon be returning to the WWE.

Ellos estaban abriendo los regalos cuando llegamos.
They were opening the presents when we arrived.

Video - Use of Present Participle

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Popular Phrase: boyfriend in spanish translation | Rosetta Stone Spanish | Conjugated Verb: aguar - to water down, to to spoil [ click for full conjugation ]