Demonstrative Pronouns  

Spanish Grammar Spanish Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns
Overview

A demonstrative pronoun indicates more or less proximity to what is being talked about. As with all pronouns, it also replaces a noun.

Singular Plural
éste, ésto éstos this one, these (m)
ésta, ésto éstas this one, these (f)
ése ésos that one, those (m)
ésa ésas that one, those (f)
aquél aquéllos that one over there, those over there (m)
aquélla aquéllas that one over there, those over there (f)

m - masculine, f - feminine

The singular neuter forms are:

esto - this one
eso - that one
aquello - that one over there

Let's see how demonstrative pronouns are used:

Mi carro es mejor que aquél.
My car is better than that one over there.
aquél = that one over there

Estos perros son mejores que aquéllos.
These dogs are better than those over there.
aquéllos = those over there

This is different than demonstrative adjectives, which modify a noun (este carro = this car) by explaining which car you are talking about.

Aquél es de seda.
That one over there is silk.

Aquéllas son demasiado anchas.
Those over there are too wide.

Aquel vendedor es más simpático que éste.
That vendor over there is nicer than this one.

Le traigo aquél.
I am bringing you that one over there.

Éste o aquél me da igual.
This one or that one over there is the same to me.

Note: It is NOT necessary to accent demonstrative pronouns unless not doing so would result in ambiguity. Demonstrative pronouns continue to be accented out of habit.

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