Gender of Spanish Nouns  

Grammar Spanish Nouns Nouns & Gender

All Spanish nouns have one of two grammatical genders: masculine and feminine. The gender of each noun is arbitrarily assigned, which means we must memorize them! Most adjectives (words that describe) indicate the gender of the noun they describe.

Masculine vs. Feminine

    El hombre es muy alto.
       The man is very tall.

    Mi maestra es alta.
       My (female) teacher is tall .

    La niña adolescente es lista.
       The teenage girl is smart.

    Mi amigo es listo.
       My [male] friend is smart.

    El carro es pequeño.
       The car is small.

    La ventana es pequeña.
       The window is small.

Gender-problem Words

Note the gender of the words given below. Also remember that nouns ending in -ción, -dad, -umbre, -ie, and -sis are typically feminine (la nación, la cualidad, la pesadumbre, la barbarie, la crisis).

el clima - climate, weather
el cometa - comet; kite
el día - day
el problema - problem
el programa - program
el sistema - system
el mapa - map
la gente - people (singular!)
la parte - part
la mano - hand
el/la artista - artist

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Popular Phrase: spanish personal pronouns | Spanish Alphabet | Conjugated Verb: posibilitar - enable [ click for full conjugation ]