Discussing the Weather
Weather conditions are often expressed with the verb hacer in Spanish. These generally correspond to English expressions that use the verb to be.
Hace calor. - It's hot.
Hace frío. - It's cold.
Hace sol. - It's sunny.
Hace viento. - It's windy.
Hace buen tiempo. - It's nice weather.
Hace mal tiempo. - It's bad weather.
Other weather conditions use the verb estar.
Está nublado. - It's cloudy.
Está fresco. - It's cool.
Está húmedo. - It's humid.
Verbs that refer to weather conditions are only conjugated in the third person singular.
nevar - to snow
Nieva mucho en Minnesota. - It snows a lot in Minnesota.
llover - to rain
Llueve mucho en Seattle. - It rains a lot in Seattle.
nublarse - to become cloudy
Se nubló a las dos de la tarde. - It got cloudy at two p.m.
lloviznar - to drizzle
Lloviznaba todo el día. - It drizzled all day.
There's a lot of pollution in the morning.
It doesn't normally rain this time of year.
It snows very little in March.
The sky is clear.
The weather there is hot and it's very sunny.
The day started out hot but now it's cold.
It's very humid.
It's a hot summer day.
The rainy season in Mexico starts in May and ends in September.
I spent the whole day swimming in the pool yesterday and I got burnt.