Introduction to Direct Object Pronouns  

Direct and Indirect Objects

Quick explanation:
The Direct Object (people, things, etc.) can be substituted by the Direct Object Pronouns shown on the table below:
me me (singular)
te you (singular)
lo him, you, it (singular)
la her, you, it (singular)
nos us (plural)
os you, familiar (plural)
los them, you (plural)
las them, you (plural)

Long explanation:

These forms are used as the direct objects of verbs. Lo and la are used as the direct object forms of usted, los and las for ustedes. THESE FORMS MUST BE USED IF THE A PRONOUN IS REQUIRED FOR THE DIRECT OBJECT AND THE VERB IS EXPRESSED. A prepositional phrase (e.g., a él, a ella, a usted) is sometimes be added for clarity or for emphasis, primarily in spoken Spanish.

¿Me ves? - Do you see me?
Te oigo. - I hear you.
Lo conozco. - I know him. or I know you.
Lo conozco a él. - I know him.
Lo conozco a usted. - I know you.
Yo me miro en el espejo. - I look at myself in the mirror.

Note that these are with-verb forms, and cannot be used if the verb is only implied; in that case, the prepositional phrase forms are required: a él, a ella, etc.

A quién vio Ud.? ¿A ella? - Who(m) did you see? Her? (verb implied)
No, a él? - No, him.

Tú llevas el libro.
You take the book.
Tú lo llevas.
You take it.
Ella rompe la silla.
She breaks the chair.
Ella la rompe.
She breaks it.
Ellos secuestran los perros.
They kidnap the dogs.
Ellos los secuestran.
They kidnap them.
El interrumpe la fiesta.
He interrupts the party.
El la interrumpe.
He interrupts it.
Yo no tengo el dinero.
I don't have the money.
Yo no lo tengo.
I don't have it.
Yo necesito el dinero para comprar los boletos.
I need the money to buy the tickets.
Yo lo necesito para comprar los boletos.
I need it to buy the tickets.
Yo necesito comprar los boletos.
I need to buy the tickets.
Yo los necesito comprar.
I need to buy them.
Yo tengo que comprar los boletos.
I have to buy the tickets.
Yo los tengo que comprar.
I have to buy them.
¿Vas a poder comprar los boletos?
Are you going to be able to buy the tickets?.
¿ Los vas a comprar ?
Are you going to buy them?
Yo no puedo ir al estadio hoy.
I can't go to the stadium today.
Yo no puedo comprar los boletos hoy.
I can't buy the tickets today.
Yo no los puedo comprar hoy.
I can't buy them today.
¿ Vas a poder comprar los boletos mañana?
Are you going to be able to buy the tickets tomorrow?.
¿ Los vas a poder comprar mañana?
Are you going to be able to buy them tomorrow?.
Nosotros no podemos comprar los boletos hoy.
We can't buy the tickets today.
Nosotros no los podemos comprar hoy.
We can't buy them today.
¿ Dónde venden los boletos?
Where do they sell the tickets?
¿ Dónde los venden?
Where do they sell them?
¿ Sabes dónde venden los boletos?
Do you know where they sell the tickets?
¿ Sabes dónde los venden?
Do you know where they sell them?
Yo no sé dónde venden los boletos.
I don't know where they sell the tickets.
Yo no sé dónde los venden.
I don't know where they sell them.
¿ A qué hora van a vender los boletos?
What time are they going to sell the tickets?
¿ Sabes a qué hora van a vender los boletos?
Do you know what time they are going to sell the tickets?
¿ Sabes a qué hora los van a vender?
Do you know what time they are going to sell them?
María dice que ella no sabe a qué hora van a vender los boletos.
Mary says that she doesn't know what time they are going to sell the tickets.
María dice que ella no sabe a qué hora los van a vender.
Mary says that she doesn't know what time they are going to sell them.
Yo creo que van a vender los boletos a las dos.
I think that they are going to sell the tickets at two o'clock.
Yo creo que los van a vender a las dos.
I think that they are going to sell them at two o'clock.



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