Adjectival Clause  

Grammar Present Subjunctive The Adjectival Clause

Adjectival clauses function as adjectives modifying a noun or pronoun, which is known as the antecedent (antecedente). These clauses are most frequently introduced by the relative pronouns que (which/that/who) quien/quienes (who), el que, la que, los que, los que (which/that/who), or el/la cual, los/las cuales (which/that/who).

If the noun modified is a definite one, then the indicative is used.

Speaking about a specific secretary - (indicative)

Busco a la secretaria que habla español.
I'm looking for the secretary who speaks Spanish.

If the noun or pronoun modified is negated, nonexistent, vague, or indefinite, then the verb in the modifying clause will be in the subjunctive.

Speaking about a non-specific secretary (one which may, or may exist) - (subjunctive)

Estoy buscando una secretaria que hable español.
I am looking for a secretary who speaks Spanish.

Other examples of vague or indefinite nouns.

¿Hay alguien aquí que hable español?
Is there someone here who speaks Spanish?

Buscamos una paz que sea duradera.
We are looking for a peace that is lasting.

¿Conoce usted a alguien que sea soldado?
Do you know anyone who is a soldier?

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Popular Phrase: primera persona plural masculino | Beginner Lessons | Conjugated Verb: enfermarse - to get sick, become ill, fall ill. become sick [ click for full conjugation ]