Spanish Verb estar (to be)  

Quick explanation:

The verb estar (example sentences) (full conjugation) is used to indicate a condition which is likely to change.

Ella está enojada. - She is mad.
Yo estoy enfermo. - I am sick.
Estoy feliz. - I am happy.

Estar expresses a departure from the norm.

José es una persona tranquila pero hoy está molesto.

Joe is a calm person but today he is upset.

Present Tense - estar
ser estar
yo estoy (I am)
estás (you are)
Ud./él/ella está (he is)
nosotros (as) estamos (we are)
vosotros (as) estáis (you are)
Uds./ellos/ellas están (they are)

Long Explanation:

Uses of the Verb estar

Estar is used to signify the location of an object

La escuela está al lado del correo. - The school is next to the post office.

Estar is used to express a changeable state or condition

Ella está enojada hoy. - She is mad today.
Hoy estoy enfermo. - I am sick today.

Estar is used to express an action in progress (progressive tense)

Estoy escribiendo. - I am writing.
Juan está escuchando. - Juan is listening.

Estar is used to indicate a resultant condition: estar + past participle

Estoy cansado. - I am tired.
Estamos despiertos. - We are awake.





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