Use of Spanish Relative Pronouns  

Relative Pronouns and Adjectives

Relatives pronouns occur at the head of adjective clauses. They can refer to persons or things (physical objects, ideas, etc.) and to clauses. They are translated as: that, that which, which, who(m).

Relative pronouns are frequently omitted in English, but not in Spanish!

A man (that) I know speaks Italian.→Un hombre que yo conozco habla italiano.

Let's look at some examples of proper use.

Voy a visitar a mi amiga que vive en Chile.
I'm going to visit my friend who lives in Chile.
No he visto a mi tío que trabaja en Dallas.
I haven't seen my uncle who works in Dallas.
Ayer vieron al muchacho a quien le dieron el libro.
Yesterday they saw the boy to whom they gave the book.
Esas mujeres para quienes organizamos la fiesta nunca vinieron.
Those women for whom we organized the party never came.
Me dio un libro, lo cual me alegró.
He gave me a book, a thing which pleased me.
Quien le dio la caja fue ella.
She was the one who gave her the box.
Quien fue ayer lo hizo.
He who went yesterday did it.
Deseo un criado y una criada, y un secretario del cual me pueda fiar.
I desire a womanservant and a manservant, and a secretary in whom I can trust.
Nos contaron unos cuentos interesantes y chistosos con los cuales nos divertimos mucho.
They told us a few interesting and humorous stories with which we were much amused.
Daba siempre regalos a los niños, con los que ellos se divertían mucho.
He always gave presents to the children, with which they amused themselves much.
el hombre cuyo valor (= el valor del cual or el valor de quien) es bien conocido
the man whose courage is well known
Viví en una aldea cuyo nombre (= el nombre de la cual) he olvidado.
I lived in a village, the name of which I have forgotten.
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Popular Phrase: how to conjugate ver | Spanish Language Games | Conjugated Verb: pasear - to take a walk [ click for full conjugation ]