Preterite - Irregular Verbs - (e) changes to (i)  

Spanish Grammar Preterite Tense Irregular - (e) changes to (i)
Overview

If a verb is a stem changer in the present tense, it will not stem-change in the preterit unless it is an - ir verb. No - ar or - er verbs will stem-change in the preterit.

The verbs mentir (to lie) and pedir (to request) undergo a stem change from (e) to (i) in the "Ud./él/ella" and the "Uds./ellos/ellas" forms only. The conjugation of the verbs are shown below.

mentir (conjugation)

yo mentí (I told a lie)
mentiste (you told a lie)
Ud./él/ella mintió (he told a lie)
nosotros as mentimos (we told a lie)
vosotros as mentisteis (you guys told a lie)
Uds./ellos/ellas mintieron (you all/they told a lie)

pedir (conjugation)

yo pedí (I requested)
pediste (you requested)
Ud./él/ella pidió (you/he/she requested)
nosotros as pedimos (we requested)
vosotros as pedisteis (you guys requested)
Uds./ellos/ellas pidieron (they requested)

Let's look at a few sentences to understand proper use:

Pedí un vaso de agua.
I asked for a glass of water.

Tú pediste zapatos negros.
You asked for black shoes.

Juan pidió un vaso de agua.
John asked for a glass of water.

Nosotros pedimos carros nuevos.
We asked for new cars.

José y Carmen pidieron una soda al mesero.
José and Carmen ordered a Soda from the server.

Other verbs that follow this pattern are:

hervir (to boil)
preferir (to prefer)
sentir (to feel)
convertir (to convert)
divertirse (to enjoy yourself)
seguir (to follow)
medir (to measure)
repetir (to repeat)
impedir (to prevent)
reñir (to argue).


Continue
Learn Vocabulary
Use Vocabulary
Related Topics
 
  Vocabulary Flashcards
  Vocabulary Quiz
  Photo Quiz
  Spelling Quiz
  Sentence Flashcards
  Video
  Example Sentences
  Dialogue
  Image-Sentence Match
  Word Order Quiz
  Multiple Choice Quiz
  A or B Quiz
  Fill In

Icon Legend

Icons are color coded by Spanish level:

Green = Beginner
Blue = Intermediate
Orange = Advanced


Black icons are unrelated to Spanish level:

Help
Download
Information




http://www.NuLengua.com



Popular Phrase: un mill?n trece | Language schools | Conjugated Verb: insidiar - outfox, outwit [ click for full conjugation ]