The Perfect Tenses  

Grammar The Perfect Tenses Introduction

The "perfect tenses" are formed using the formula below:

conjugation of haber + the past participle = perfect tenses

The past participle is formed by adding the suffix (ado) to (ar) verbs and (ido) to (er) and (ir) verbs. Here are some examples:

ar verbs
hablar ---> hablado (spoken)

er and ir verbs
comer ---> comido (eaten)

Any tense of haber can be used to form a perfect tense. See the examples below:

¿Has hablado con el profesor?
Have you spoken with the teacher?

Nosotros hemos estudiado la lección.
We have studied the lesson.

Yo no sabía si Juan había aprendido las palabras.
I didn't know if John had learned the words.

Juan habrá salido para las ocho.
Juan will have left by eight o'clock.

Todos habrán terminado la composición para mañana.
Everyone will have finished their compositions by tomorrow.

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