Placement of Object Pronouns - Future Tense
Let's quickly review the indirect pronouns in a chart.
to me me to you te to him/her le (se)) to us nos to them les (se)
We have constructed sentences using verbs which express the idea of something being transferred from one person to another. In these sentences we have had to use an indirect pronoun, placing it in front of the verb. When we have both a direct and indirect object, there is a specific sequence for the words that we have to follow. A direct object pronoun will always follow the indirect object. In other words, you could have "me lo" or "te lo", however, we cannot have "lo me" or "lo te". Also, there is a change which takes place with the indirect object pronoun "le" when it is used with a direct object pronoun.
When "le" is followed by "it" (either "lo" or "la"), the word "le" will change to "se", so that we would have "se lo" or "se la".
The same thing will happen with "them". We would have "se los" or "se las". For example, if I say, "I'm giving them (the tickets) to him", I would say in Spanish:
Yo se los doy.
This change to "se" also happens with "les" ("to them"), so that anytime we say that someone is giving something "to them" we would have the combination "se lo", etc.
We have used the verb "prestar" which means "to lend". Now let's work with another verb that expresses the idea of "transfer". Let's work with "dar" which means "to give". The present of the verb "give" has an irregular form in the first part ("yo") as we saw in the example above. You may remember that often, when there is an irregular form in the present, it will be found in the "yo" form. Here is the chart of the forms of "dar" ("to give").
I give - yo doy
you give - tú das
he/she gives - él/ella da
we give - nosotros damos
they give - ellos/ellas dan
Now let's practice building some sentences with "give" using the future forms.
Yo te daré el dinero mañana.
Yo te lo daré mañana.
¿ Le darás el dinero mañana?
¿ Se lo darás mañana?
Juan dice que él me dará el dinero mañana.
Juan dice que él me lo dará mañana.
¿ Nos darás el dinero mañana?
¿ Nos lo darás mañana?
Los muchachos dicen que ellos me darán el dinero mañana.
Los muchachos dicen que ellos me lo darán mañana.
Nosotros te daremos el dinero mañana.
Nosotros te lo daremos mañana.
Nosotros les daremos el dinero mañana.
Nosotros se los daremos mañana.
Señor García, yo le daré el dinero mañana.
Señor García, yo se lo daré mañana.