Placement of Object Pronouns - Future Tense  

The Future Indicative

Let's quickly review the indirect pronouns in a chart.

to me        me
to you       te
to him/her   le (se))
to us        nos
to them      les (se) 

We have constructed sentences using verbs which express the idea of something being transferred from one person to another. In these sentences we have had to use an indirect pronoun, placing it in front of the verb. When we have both a direct and indirect object, there is a specific sequence for the words that we have to follow. A direct object pronoun will always follow the indirect object. In other words, you could have "me lo" or "te lo", however, we cannot have "lo me" or "lo te". Also, there is a change which takes place with the indirect object pronoun "le" when it is used with a direct object pronoun.

When "le" is followed by "it" (either "lo" or "la"), the word "le" will change to "se", so that we would have "se lo" or "se la".

The same thing will happen with "them". We would have "se los" or "se las". For example, if I say, "I'm giving them (the tickets) to him", I would say in Spanish:

    Yo se los doy.

This change to "se" also happens with "les" ("to them"), so that anytime we say that someone is giving something "to them" we would have the combination "se lo", etc.

We have used the verb "prestar" which means "to lend". Now let's work with another verb that expresses the idea of "transfer". Let's work with "dar" which means "to give". The present of the verb "give" has an irregular form in the first part ("yo") as we saw in the example above. You may remember that often, when there is an irregular form in the present, it will be found in the "yo" form. Here is the chart of the forms of "dar" ("to give").

    I give - yo doy

    you give - tú das

    he/she gives - él/ella da

    we give - nosotros damos

    they give - ellos/ellas dan

Examples

Now let's practice building some sentences with "give" using the future forms.

I will give you the money tomorrow.
Yo te daré el dinero mañana.
I will give it to you tomorrow.
Yo te lo daré mañana.
Will you give the money to him tomorrow?
¿ Le darás el dinero mañana?
Will you give it to him tomorrow?
¿ Se lo darás mañana?
John says that he will give me the money tomorrow.
Juan dice que él me dará el dinero mañana.
John says that he will give it to me tomorrow.
Juan dice que él me lo dará mañana.
Will you give us the money tomorrow?
¿ Nos darás el dinero mañana?
Will you give it to us tomorrow.
¿ Nos lo darás mañana?
The boys say that they will give me the money tomorrow.
Los muchachos dicen que ellos me darán el dinero mañana.
The boys say that they will give it to me tomorrow.
Los muchachos dicen que ellos me lo darán mañana.
We will give the money to you tomorrow.
Nosotros te daremos el dinero mañana.
We will give it to you tomorrow.
Nosotros te lo daremos mañana.
We will give the money to them tomorrow.
Nosotros les daremos el dinero mañana.
We will give it to them tomorrow.
Nosotros se los daremos mañana.
Mr. García, I will give you the money tomorrow.
Señor García, yo le daré el dinero mañana.
Mr. García, I will give it to you tomorrow.
Señor García, yo se lo daré mañana.
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