Imperfect Subjunctive - Regular Verbs  

Imperfect Subjunctive - Regular Verbs

There are 2 forms of the imperfect subjunctive, which are used indistinctly.

1) The first is formed by taking the 3rd person plural of the preterite minus -on.

For the verb hablar, the third person plural of the preterite is hablaron, removing the "on" yields hablar. To this stem you add the following endings:

-a -amos
-as -ais
-a -an

hablar (full conjugation)


yo hablara (I spoke)
hablaras (you spoke)
Ud./él/ ella hablara (you/he/she spoke)
nosotros (as) habláramos (we spoke)
vosotros (as) hablarais (you guys spoke)
Uds./ellos/ ellas hablaran (you all/they spoke)

For the verb "comer", the third person plural of the preterite is "comieron", removing the "on" yields "comier". To this stem you add the following endings: -a, -as, -a, -amos, -ais, -an.

comer (example sentences) (full conjugation)


yo comiera (I ate)
comieras (you ate)
Ud./él/ ella comiera (you/he/she ate)
nosotros (as) comiéramos (we ate)
vosotros (as) comierais (you guys ate)
Uds./ellos/ ellas comieran (you all/they ate)

For the verb "vivir", the third person plural of the preterite is "vivieron", removing the "on" yields "vivier". To this stem you add the following endings: -a, -as, -a, -amos, -ais, -an.

vivir (example sentences) (full conjugation)


yo viviera (I lived)
vivieras (you lived)
Ud./él/ ella viviera (you/he/she lived)
nosotros (as) viviéramos (we lived)
vosotros (as) vivierais (you guys lived)
Uds./ellos/ ellas vivieran (you all/they lived)

2) The second is formed by taking the third person plural form of the preterit (e.g., hablaron), minus -ron from the end.

For the verb hablar, the third person plural of the preterite is hablaron, removing the "ron" yields habla. To this stem you add the following endings:

-se -semos
-ses -seis
-se -sen

hablase hablásemos
hablases hablaseis
hablase hablasen

bebiese bebiésemos
bebieses bebieseis
bebiese bebiesen

viviese viviésemos
vivieses vivieseis
viviese viviesen




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