Comparative and Superlative  

Spanish Grammar Making Comparisons

A. There are three degrees of comparison:

1. Absolutive:
Einstein fue muy inteligente/inteligentísimo.
Einstein was very intelligent.

2. Comparative
Einstein fue más inteligente que nadie.
E. was more intelligent than I/anybody.

3. Superlative
Einstein fue el hombre más inteligente de nuesta época.
Einstein was the most intelligent man of our era.

B. The two basic comparative structures are:

1. Comparisons of equality formed with the conjunction tan(to)... como

2. Comparisons of inequality formed with the conjunction más/menos...que.

C. These structures can function as either adjectives (modify a noun) or adverbs (modify an adjective, an adverb or a verb). Some examples:

Noun:
Arturo tiene más dinero que yo. 'Arthur has more money than I.'
Tiene menos tiempo que yo. 'He has less time than I.'
Tiene tantos problemas como yo. 'He has as many problems as I.'

Adjective:
Tu perro es más feo que el mío. 'Your dog is uglier than mine.
Es menos inteligente que el mío. 'He is less intelligent than mine.
No es tan grande como el mío. 'He isn't as big as mine.'

Adverb:
El tigre corre más rápido que el león. 'The tiger runs faster than the lion.'
Caza menos eficazmente que a león. 'It hunts less efficiently than a lion.'
No [growl] tan fuerte como un léon. 'It doesn't growl as loudly as a lion.'

Verb:
Manuel estudia más que tú. 'Manuel studies more than you.'
Lidia sale menos que sus amigas. 'Lidia goes out less than her friends.'
Paco no trabaja tanto como Uds. 'Pete doesn't work as much as you.'




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