The Verb "haber" and Future Events  

Future Perfect

We have studied the forms of the verb "haber". This is one of two verbs that we use in Spanish to translate "have", but we must remember that it does not express possession.

That would be "tener". We use the verb "haber" when we say that someone "has done" something. Remember that we use the forms of "haber" with the participle of another verb. That is the form which normally ends in "-do".

Let's take a look at the forms of "haber" to review.

HABER

he        hemos
has       han   
ha

Now let's practice making some sentences using the forms of "haber" to make sure that we have this pattern and the forms firmly in our minds.

Examples
Yo he estudiado la lección.
I have studied the lesson (la lección).
¿ Has estudiado la lección?
Have you studied the lesson?
Juan dice que él ha estudiado la lección.
John says that he has studied the lesson.
Nosotros hemos estudiado la lección.
We have studied the lesson.
Los muchachos han estudiado la lección.
The boys have studied the lesson.
Yo he leído el libro.
I have read the book.
¿ Has leído el libro?
Have you read the book?
María dice que ella ha leído el libro.
Mary says that she has read the book.
Nosotros hemos leído el libro.
We have read the book.
Las muchachas han leído el libro.
The girls have read the book.
Theory

Remember that the participle ends in "-ado" when we have an "A" category verb, but with "E" and "I" category verbs, the participle ends in "-ido".

Now we want to look at another way that we use the forms of "haber". Once more let's take a look at the forms of the present of "haber".

HABER

he       hemos
has      han 
ha

Remember that in Spanish, the letter "h" is silent. Keeping this in mind, what we would actually hear is the following.

ABER

e        emos
as       an
a
  • I will study
    yo estudiaré
  • you will study
    tú estudiarás
  • he/she will study
    él/ella estudiará
  • we will study
    nosotros estudiarémos
  • they will study
    ellos/ellas estudiarán
Examples
Yo estudiaré la lección.
I will study the lesson.
¿ Estudiarás la lección?
Will you study the lesson?
Juan estudiará la lección.
John will study the lesson.
Nosotros estudiaremos la lección.
We will study the lesson.
Los muchachos estudiarán la lección.
The boys will study the lesson.
Yo leeré el libro.
I will read the book.
¿ Leerás el libro?
Will you read the book?
María leerá el libro.
Mary will read the book.
Nosotros leeremos el libro.
We will read the book.
Las muchachas leerán el libro.
The girls will read the book.
Theory

Notice that the "will" part follows the main verb which we use in the infinitive ("R" form). The "will" part is going to be the same, whether it follows an "A" infinitive, an "E" infinitive, or an "I" infinitive, since it is always the present form of the verb "haber".

The verb "haber" can be used to say "have" as in, "someone has done something", or it can be used to express future actions just like we use "will" in English. However, there is still one little detail that we have to take into account.

We start writing the "will" form as two words, and in modern times we have a one word combination with the written accent mark to preserve the proper stress pattern of the pronunciation.

    yo estudiar he yo estudiaré

    tú estudiar has tú estudiarás

    él/ella estudiar ha él/ella estudiará

    nosotros estudiar hemos nosotros estudiaremos

    ellos/ellas estudiar han ellos/ellas estudiarán

Notice that in the "nosotros" form we didn't have to add an accent mark. This is because the word "hemos" has two vowels, that is two syllables. The stress is already on the "e" (the next to last syllable) and so when it is added on the end of "estudiar" (or any other infinitive) the stress pattern isn't really changing, so no spelling adjustments with accent marks are needed.

Let's practice building sentences with the "will" pattern

Examples
Yo estudiaré en la biblioteca mañana.
I will study in the library tomorrow.
¿ Estudiarás en la biblioteca mañana?
Will you study in the library tomorrow?
Juan estudiará en la biblioteca mañana.
John will study in the library tomorrow.
Nosotros estudiaremos en la biblioteca mañana.
We will study in the library tomorrow.
Los muchachos estudiarán en la biblioteca mañana.
The boys will study in the library tomorrow.
Yo compraré los boletos mañana.
I will buy the tickets tomorrow.
Yo los compraré mañana.
I will buy them tomorrow.
¿ Comprarás los boletos mañana?
Will you buy the tickets tomorrow?
¿ Los comprarás mañana?
Will you buy them tomorrow?
María comprará los boletos mañana.
Mary will buy the tickets tomorrow.
María los comprará mañana.
Mary will buy them tomorrow.
Nosotros compraremos los boletos mañana.
We will buy the tickets tomorrow.
Nosotros los compraremos mañana.
We will buy them tomorrow.
Las muchachas comprarán los boletos mañana.
The girls will buy the tickets tomorrow.
Las muchachas los comprarán mañana.
The girls will buy them tomorrow.
Yo veré la película esta noche.
I will see ("ver") the movie ("la película") tonight ("esta noche").
¿ Verás la película esta noche?
Will you see the movie tonight?
Juan verá la película esta noche.
John will see the movie tonight.
Nosotros veremos la película esta noche.
We will see the movie tonight.
Los muchachos verán la película esta noche.
The boys will see the movie tonight.
Theory

One of the more interesting "will" constructions which has an irregular form, actually uses forms of the verb "haber" twice. The word "hay" means "there is" and comes from the Latin word "have", rather than "is" like in English. It's like saying that "nature" has something there ("it is there"). You might remember that the "R" form of "hay" is "haber" in modern Spanish. So in this case, we are going to use the future stem of "haber" (infinitive minus the "e") plus the present form of "haber" to say "will". Since there is only one form of "there is", there is going to be only one form of "there will be". Our chart would only have a single form for each tense, not separate forms for "I", "you", "he", "she", etc.

Let's take a look at some forms that we should learn to use flexibly.

  • there is
    hay
  • there is going to be there will be
    va a haber habrá
Examples
There is a party today at Mary's house.
Hay una fiesta hoy en la casa de María.
There is going to be a party tomorrow at Mary's house.
Va a haber una fiesta mañana en la casa de María.
I believe that there will be a party tomorrow at Mary's house.
Yo creo que habrá una fiesta mañana en la casa de María.
There is a parade ("un desfile") today on Republic Avenue.
Hay un desfile hoy en la avenida de la República.
Do you know if there is going to be a parade tomorrow on Republic Avenue?
¿ Sabes si va a haber un desfile mañana en la avenida de la República?
Do you know if there will be a parade tomorrow on Republic Avenue?
¿ Sabes si habrá un desfile mañana en la avenida de la República?
There is a storm ("una tormenta") on the coast ("en la costa").
Hay una tormenta en la costa.
The newspaper ("el periódico") says that tomorrow there is going to be a storm on the coast.
El periódico dice que mañana va a haber una tormenta en la costa.
The newspaper says that tomorrow there will be a storm on the coast.
El periódico dice que mañana habrá una tormenta en la costa.
The teacher says that there is a test ("un examen") in the history class today.
El profesor dice que hay un examen en la clase de historia hoy.
The teacher says that there is going to be a test in the history class tomorrow.
El profesor dice que va a haber un examen en la clase de historia mañana.
The teacher says that there will be a test in the history class tomorrow.
El profesor dice que habrá un examen en la clase de historia mañana.
Online free Spanish lessons developed by teachers.



http://www.NuLengua.com



Popular Phrase: advanced spanish quiz | Spanish subjunctive | Conjugated Verb: embojotar - to wrap up [ click for full conjugation ]