Past Participle   By Ron Slone

Grammar The Perfect Tenses Past Participle
Overview

The participio (past participle) is a non-finit verb or a "verbal" that has the characteristics of an adjective. It is formed by adding the suffix ado to (ar) verbs and ido to (er) and (ir) verbs. Sometimes it is part of a verbal phrase. Here are some examples:

ar verbs
hablar ---> hablado (spoken)
cambiar ---> cambiado (changed)
gustar ---> gustado (enjoyed)

er and ir verbs
comer ---> comido (eaten)
tener ---> tenido (had)
salir ---> salido (departed)

Many verbs have irregular past participles. Here are some common ones:

abrir ---> abierto (opened)

decir ---> dicho (said)

hacer ---> hecho (done or made)

morir ---> muerto (dead)

poner ---> puesto (put)

romper ---> roto (broken)

ver ---> visto (seen)

As in English, the past participle can be used in a variety of Spanish sentences.

¿Has hablado con el profesor?
Have you spoken with the teacher?

¿Has visto esta película?
Have you seen this movie?

No mencioné nada sobre lo que TÚ llevas puesto!
I didn't say anything about what YOU are wearing!

Yo no sé quién ha roto la ventana.
I don't know who has broken the window.


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